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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Sunday, May 01, 2016 12:17 PM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Veterinary Service calls for collaboration to fight bird flu - GhanaWeb
1 May 2016 at 4:27am
Veterinary Service calls for collaboration to fight bird flu - GhanaWeb
1 May 2016 at 4:27am
You'll Be Paying Less For Eggs As Farms Recover From Bird Flu - KCUR
29 Apr 2016 at 3:24pm
You'll Be Paying Less For Eggs As Farms Recover From Bird Flu - KCUR
29 Apr 2016 at 3:24pm
Illegal Animal Movement Suspected in Lebanon Bird Flu Outbreak - ThePoultrySi...
29 Apr 2016 at 2:38am
Illegal Animal Movement Suspected in Lebanon Bird Flu Outbreak - ThePoultrySi...
29 Apr 2016 at 2:38am
Iraq Reports Bird Flu Outbreaks - ThePoultrySite.com
28 Apr 2016 at 2:15am
Iraq Reports Bird Flu Outbreaks - ThePoultrySite.com
28 Apr 2016 at 2:15am
'Inaccurate rumours' of bird flu unfounded - Royal Gazette
27 Apr 2016 at 8:09pm
'Inaccurate rumours' of bird flu unfounded - Royal Gazette
27 Apr 2016 at 8:09pm
Egg prices forecast to fall as industry recovers from bird flu - DesMoinesReg...
27 Apr 2016 at 2:27pm
Egg prices forecast to fall as industry recovers from bird flu - DesMoinesReg...
27 Apr 2016 at 2:27pm
Massive bird flu outbreak in Iraq - GlobalMeatNews.com
27 Apr 2016 at 3:57am
Massive bird flu outbreak in Iraq - GlobalMeatNews.com
27 Apr 2016 at 3:57am
Iraq reports first outbreaks of bird flu in 10 years - Fox News
26 Apr 2016 at 8:50am
Iraq reports first outbreaks of bird flu in 10 years - Fox News
26 Apr 2016 at 8:50am
Bird flu under control: Agriculture Ministry - The Daily Star
24 Apr 2016 at 3:01pm
Bird flu under control: Agriculture Ministry - The Daily Star
24 Apr 2016 at 3:01pm
Vietnam testing bird flu vaccine on humans - Thanh Nien Daily
21 Apr 2016 at 11:52pm
Vietnam testing bird flu vaccine on humans - Thanh Nien Daily
21 Apr 2016 at 11:52pm
Bird flu outbreak in Monywa sees thousands destroyed - Myanmar Times
21 Apr 2016 at 8:45pm
Bird flu outbreak in Monywa sees thousands destroyed - Myanmar Times
21 Apr 2016 at 8:45pm
Bird flu virus detected in Lebanon poultry farm - Xinhua
21 Apr 2016 at 5:05pm
Bird flu virus detected in Lebanon poultry farm - Xinhua
21 Apr 2016 at 5:05pm
Bird flu: Plateau Govt closes 62 farms, culls 190000 birds - The Nation Newsp...
21 Apr 2016 at 3:49am
Bird flu: Plateau Govt closes 62 farms, culls 190000 birds - The Nation Newsp...
21 Apr 2016 at 3:49am
Latest French Bird Flu Outbreak Affects New Region - ThePoultrySite.com
21 Apr 2016 at 1:58am
Latest French Bird Flu Outbreak Affects New Region - ThePoultrySite.com
21 Apr 2016 at 1:58am
Fears after bird flu outbreak in Monywa - Mizzima News
20 Apr 2016 at 8:05pm
Fears after bird flu outbreak in Monywa - Mizzima News
20 Apr 2016 at 8:05pm
Cases of bird flu confirmed in Western region - GhanaWeb
20 Apr 2016 at 4:38am
Cases of bird flu confirmed in Western region - GhanaWeb
20 Apr 2016 at 4:38am
Over 23000 chickens culled in Myanmar in prevention of further bird flu sprea...
19 Apr 2016 at 7:42pm
Over 23000 chickens culled in Myanmar in prevention of further bird flu sprea...
19 Apr 2016 at 7:42pm
Turkey hunters asked to be on the lookout for bird flu - WBAY
18 Apr 2016 at 12:46pm
Turkey hunters asked to be on the lookout for bird flu - WBAY
18 Apr 2016 at 12:46pm
Suspected bird flu hits Tarkwa-Nsueam Municipality - Ghana Business News
18 Apr 2016 at 12:46am
Suspected bird flu hits Tarkwa-Nsueam Municipality - Ghana Business News
18 Apr 2016 at 12:46am
Myanmar takes measures to prevent further spread of bird flu - Xinhua
16 Apr 2016 at 7:57pm
Myanmar takes measures to prevent further spread of bird flu - Xinhua
16 Apr 2016 at 7:57pm