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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Tuesday, September 19, 2017 11:54 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Zim conducts study to assess avian flu's impact on economy - The Herald
18 Sep 2017 at 3:58pm
Zim conducts study to assess avian flu's impact on economy - The Herald
18 Sep 2017 at 3:58pm
Don't Blame Pigs for Swine Flu?Species Hopping Is How Viruses Evolve - WIRED
18 Sep 2017 at 6:01am
Don't Blame Pigs for Swine Flu?Species Hopping Is How Viruses Evolve - WIRED
18 Sep 2017 at 6:01am
Bird Flu Increases Meat Inflation - Huffington Post South Africa (blog)
17 Sep 2017 at 11:04pm
Bird Flu Increases Meat Inflation - Huffington Post South Africa (blog)
17 Sep 2017 at 11:04pm
Farms brace for bird flu - Daily dispatch
16 Sep 2017 at 12:57am
Farms brace for bird flu - Daily dispatch
16 Sep 2017 at 12:57am
Bird flu detected in Eastern Cape - Eyewitness News
14 Sep 2017 at 11:27pm
Bird flu detected in Eastern Cape - Eyewitness News
14 Sep 2017 at 11:27pm
Bird flu fails to dampen poultry feed sales of Unilab subsidiary - Business M...
14 Sep 2017 at 8:10am
Bird flu fails to dampen poultry feed sales of Unilab subsidiary - Business M...
14 Sep 2017 at 8:10am
UK officially declared free from bird flu - but lessons must be learned to pr...
13 Sep 2017 at 7:38am
UK officially declared free from bird flu - but lessons must be learned to pr...
13 Sep 2017 at 7:38am
PHL may regain bird flu-free status by year-end - Business Mirror
12 Sep 2017 at 10:44am
PHL may regain bird flu-free status by year-end - Business Mirror
12 Sep 2017 at 10:44am
Dept yet to release compensation guidelines over bird flu outbreak - Eyewitne...
11 Sep 2017 at 10:30pm
Dept yet to release compensation guidelines over bird flu outbreak - Eyewitne...
11 Sep 2017 at 10:30pm
Oyo shuts hatchery over Bird Flu - Daily Post Nigeria
11 Sep 2017 at 12:30pm
Oyo shuts hatchery over Bird Flu - Daily Post Nigeria
11 Sep 2017 at 12:30pm
At least 40 bird flu cases confirmed since June outbreak - Eyewitness News
11 Sep 2017 at 8:21am
At least 40 bird flu cases confirmed since June outbreak - Eyewitness News
11 Sep 2017 at 8:21am
DA challenges Zokwana on bird flu threat to poultry industry jobs - Independe...
11 Sep 2017 at 12:34am
DA challenges Zokwana on bird flu threat to poultry industry jobs - Independe...
11 Sep 2017 at 12:34am
SA Poultry Association: WC govt has bird flu outbreak under control - Eyewitn...
8 Sep 2017 at 12:48am
SA Poultry Association: WC govt has bird flu outbreak under control - Eyewitn...
8 Sep 2017 at 12:48am
WC farmers urged to implement strict measures to fight bird flu - Eyewitness ...
7 Sep 2017 at 10:39pm
WC farmers urged to implement strict measures to fight bird flu - Eyewitness ...
7 Sep 2017 at 10:39pm
Bird flu control zone removed in Pampanga - Inquirer.net
7 Sep 2017 at 3:55pm
Bird flu control zone removed in Pampanga - Inquirer.net
7 Sep 2017 at 3:55pm
Deadly Bird Flu In China Evolves, Spreads To New Regions - NPR
7 Sep 2017 at 1:51pm
Deadly Bird Flu In China Evolves, Spreads To New Regions - NPR
7 Sep 2017 at 1:51pm
200 000 chickens culled in Western Cape as province tackles bird flu - Fin24 ...
7 Sep 2017 at 12:05pm
200 000 chickens culled in Western Cape as province tackles bird flu - Fin24 ...
7 Sep 2017 at 12:05pm
Department of Agriculture: Philippines not yet bird-flu free - Sun.Star
7 Sep 2017 at 10:05am
Department of Agriculture: Philippines not yet bird-flu free - Sun.Star
7 Sep 2017 at 10:05am
Bird flu: WC officials brace for more outbreaks - Eyewitness News
5 Sep 2017 at 11:27pm
Bird flu: WC officials brace for more outbreaks - Eyewitness News
5 Sep 2017 at 11:27pm
WC govt concerned by job losses as result of bird flu outbreak - Eyewitness News
5 Sep 2017 at 11:55am
WC govt concerned by job losses as result of bird flu outbreak - Eyewitness News
5 Sep 2017 at 11:55am