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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Wednesday, April 25, 2018 7:02 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Government Issues Bird Flu Alert: As SA Confirms Outbreak - ZimEye - Zimbabwe...
25 Apr 2018 at 4:39am
Government Issues Bird Flu Alert: As SA Confirms Outbreak - ZimEye - Zimbabwe...
25 Apr 2018 at 4:39am
Man involved in foiled attempt to smuggle 121 live birds jailed 8 months - Ch...
25 Apr 2018 at 3:26am
Man involved in foiled attempt to smuggle 121 live birds jailed 8 months - Ch...
25 Apr 2018 at 3:26am
Bird flu: FG spends N2.8bn as compensation to poultry farmers - Lagos (press ...
25 Apr 2018 at 12:52am
Bird flu: FG spends N2.8bn as compensation to poultry farmers - Lagos (press ...
25 Apr 2018 at 12:52am
'Bird flu-free' tag still 'iffy' as surveillance extended in hot zones - Busi...
24 Apr 2018 at 6:30am
'Bird flu-free' tag still 'iffy' as surveillance extended in hot zones - Busi...
24 Apr 2018 at 6:30am
Parasite that killed millions of UK's songbird found in mynas in Pakistan - D...
24 Apr 2018 at 5:17am
Parasite that killed millions of UK's songbird found in mynas in Pakistan - D...
24 Apr 2018 at 5:17am
Grey Heron, tagged for bird flu programme, sighted after 4 years in Pune - Th...
23 Apr 2018 at 9:58pm
Grey Heron, tagged for bird flu programme, sighted after 4 years in Pune - Th...
23 Apr 2018 at 9:58pm
Three new bird flu cases identified in North West - Citizen
16 Apr 2018 at 9:15pm
Three new bird flu cases identified in North West - Citizen
16 Apr 2018 at 9:15pm
Bird flu poses new threat to endangered African penguin - The Times
16 Apr 2018 at 4:01pm
Bird flu poses new threat to endangered African penguin - The Times
16 Apr 2018 at 4:01pm
Warning: Bird flu outbreak in two SA districts - All4Women
15 Apr 2018 at 10:15pm
Warning: Bird flu outbreak in two SA districts - All4Women
15 Apr 2018 at 10:15pm
Hong Kong pet bird market temporarily closed amid detection of bird flu virus...
14 Apr 2018 at 3:51am
Hong Kong pet bird market temporarily closed amid detection of bird flu virus...
14 Apr 2018 at 3:51am
3 bird flu cases confirmed in North West - Eyewitness News
13 Apr 2018 at 10:41am
3 bird flu cases confirmed in North West - Eyewitness News
13 Apr 2018 at 10:41am
Hong Kong's bird market to close for 21 days after avian flu virus found in s...
13 Apr 2018 at 9:05am
Hong Kong's bird market to close for 21 days after avian flu virus found in s...
13 Apr 2018 at 9:05am
Bird flu scare shuts down popular songbird garden in Hong Kong for 21 days - ...
13 Apr 2018 at 3:17am
Bird flu scare shuts down popular songbird garden in Hong Kong for 21 days - ...
13 Apr 2018 at 3:17am
Boulders Beach penguins fall victim to bird flu outbreak - News24
9 Apr 2018 at 10:18am
Boulders Beach penguins fall victim to bird flu outbreak - News24
9 Apr 2018 at 10:18am
Cameroon concerned about bird flu outbreak in Nigeria - Journalducameroun.com...
9 Apr 2018 at 2:46am
Cameroon concerned about bird flu outbreak in Nigeria - Journalducameroun.com...
9 Apr 2018 at 2:46am
Zim gets boost in war against bird flu, fall armyworm - The Herald
6 Apr 2018 at 3:13pm
Zim gets boost in war against bird flu, fall armyworm - The Herald
6 Apr 2018 at 3:13pm
Bird Flu: 16 more penguins die at Boulders Beach - Cape Business News
5 Apr 2018 at 5:54am
Bird Flu: 16 more penguins die at Boulders Beach - Cape Business News
5 Apr 2018 at 5:54am
Bulgaria reports H5N8 bird flu outbreak in duck farm - Reuters
5 Apr 2018 at 3:12am
Bulgaria reports H5N8 bird flu outbreak in duck farm - Reuters
5 Apr 2018 at 3:12am
Pirbright Institute wins half a million pounds to look into bird flu research...
4 Apr 2018 at 10:39pm
Pirbright Institute wins half a million pounds to look into bird flu research...
4 Apr 2018 at 10:39pm
New bird flu virus H6N2 comes to roost - Times of India
1 Apr 2018 at 10:52pm
New bird flu virus H6N2 comes to roost - Times of India
1 Apr 2018 at 10:52pm