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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Thursday, July 27, 2017 5:50 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
OIE Reports H5N1 Bird Flu Outbreak in Myanmar Poultry Farm - ThePoultrySite.com
27 Jul 2017 at 5:04am
OIE Reports H5N1 Bird Flu Outbreak in Myanmar Poultry Farm - ThePoultrySite.com
27 Jul 2017 at 5:04am
South Korea to downgrade bird flu alert from highest level - Reuters - Reuters
26 Jul 2017 at 8:40pm
South Korea to downgrade bird flu alert from highest level - Reuters - Reuters
26 Jul 2017 at 8:40pm
Authorities Ban Chicken Sales in Myanmar's Dawei After Confirmation of 'Bird ...
26 Jul 2017 at 12:41pm
Authorities Ban Chicken Sales in Myanmar's Dawei After Confirmation of 'Bird ...
26 Jul 2017 at 12:41pm
EU Commission Outlook report ? Bird flu hits expansion - Poultry World (subsc...
26 Jul 2017 at 4:21am
EU Commission Outlook report ? Bird flu hits expansion - Poultry World (subsc...
26 Jul 2017 at 4:21am
Dawei Poultry Ban After Suspected Bird Flu Outbreak - The Irrawaddy - The Irr...
26 Jul 2017 at 1:19am
Dawei Poultry Ban After Suspected Bird Flu Outbreak - The Irrawaddy - The Irr...
26 Jul 2017 at 1:19am
Cambodia's Health Ministry Cautions Public About Latest 'Bird Flu' Strain - R...
25 Jul 2017 at 10:03am
Cambodia's Health Ministry Cautions Public About Latest 'Bird Flu' Strain - R...
25 Jul 2017 at 10:03am
Myanmar reports outbreak of H5N1 bird flu on poultry farm: OIE - Reuters
25 Jul 2017 at 3:09am
Myanmar reports outbreak of H5N1 bird flu on poultry farm: OIE - Reuters
25 Jul 2017 at 3:09am
Experts puzzled by SA bird flu - Citizen
24 Jul 2017 at 8:45pm
Experts puzzled by SA bird flu - Citizen
24 Jul 2017 at 8:45pm
Health Ministry warns of bird flu - Khmer Times
24 Jul 2017 at 1:50pm
Health Ministry warns of bird flu - Khmer Times
24 Jul 2017 at 1:50pm
Poor management responsible for bird flu resurgence - Guardian (blog)
22 Jul 2017 at 8:46pm
Poor management responsible for bird flu resurgence - Guardian (blog)
22 Jul 2017 at 8:46pm
Kota patient misdiagnosed with bird flu in Punjab - Times of India
22 Jul 2017 at 11:00am
Kota patient misdiagnosed with bird flu in Punjab - Times of India
22 Jul 2017 at 11:00am
Bird flu outbreak: University of Pretoria weighs in - CNBCAfrica.com
19 Jul 2017 at 10:44pm
Bird flu outbreak: University of Pretoria weighs in - CNBCAfrica.com
19 Jul 2017 at 10:44pm
Sussex County business creates mobile lab to test for bird flu - Delaware Fir...
17 Jul 2017 at 3:11am
Sussex County business creates mobile lab to test for bird flu - Delaware Fir...
17 Jul 2017 at 3:11am
PODCAST: THE SCIENCE INSIDE ? Bird Flu - journalism.co.za (blog)
13 Jul 2017 at 11:01pm
PODCAST: THE SCIENCE INSIDE ? Bird Flu - journalism.co.za (blog)
13 Jul 2017 at 11:01pm
Two more bird flu cases confirmed on chicken farms in Gauteng and Mpumalanga ...
13 Jul 2017 at 6:34am
Two more bird flu cases confirmed on chicken farms in Gauteng and Mpumalanga ...
13 Jul 2017 at 6:34am
How live animal markets create a perfect storm for bird flu - STAT
13 Jul 2017 at 1:36am
How live animal markets create a perfect storm for bird flu - STAT
13 Jul 2017 at 1:36am
AgriSA concerned about suspension of DG amid bird flu outbreak - Times LIVE
13 Jul 2017 at 12:13am
AgriSA concerned about suspension of DG amid bird flu outbreak - Times LIVE
13 Jul 2017 at 12:13am
Farmers urged to increase bio-security measures as bird flu spreads - Eyewitn...
12 Jul 2017 at 11:08pm
Farmers urged to increase bio-security measures as bird flu spreads - Eyewitn...
12 Jul 2017 at 11:08pm
Bird flu spreads to 2 more farms - News24
12 Jul 2017 at 11:19am
Bird flu spreads to 2 more farms - News24
12 Jul 2017 at 11:19am
Pa. avoids bird flu for another season - Chambersburg Public Opinion
12 Jul 2017 at 10:10am
Pa. avoids bird flu for another season - Chambersburg Public Opinion
12 Jul 2017 at 10:10am