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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Saturday, February 23, 2019 12:05 PM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
China reports new bird flu outbreak in Yunnan province - Reuters
22 Feb 2019 at 2:34am
China reports new bird flu outbreak in Yunnan province - Reuters
22 Feb 2019 at 2:34am
Bird flu: NIA urges farmers to seek insurance cover - The Punch
21 Feb 2019 at 6:00pm
Bird flu: NIA urges farmers to seek insurance cover - The Punch
21 Feb 2019 at 6:00pm
FG warns farmers against vaccination of birds with flu - The Eagle Online
21 Feb 2019 at 9:48am
FG warns farmers against vaccination of birds with flu - The Eagle Online
21 Feb 2019 at 9:48am
Bat flu could cause a global pandemic and kill a lot of people, scientists wa...
21 Feb 2019 at 5:37am
Bat flu could cause a global pandemic and kill a lot of people, scientists wa...
21 Feb 2019 at 5:37am
No bird flu cases detected - Kuwait Times
20 Feb 2019 at 3:13pm
No bird flu cases detected - Kuwait Times
20 Feb 2019 at 3:13pm
Bird flu outbreak warning: UK travellers warned over NEW strain - signs and s...
20 Feb 2019 at 4:23am
Bird flu outbreak warning: UK travellers warned over NEW strain - signs and s...
20 Feb 2019 at 4:23am
'Killer cells' could lead to one-time flu vaccine - Futurity: Research News
19 Feb 2019 at 11:45am
'Killer cells' could lead to one-time flu vaccine - Futurity: Research News
19 Feb 2019 at 11:45am
Bird flu hits Plateau, 3900 birds dead - Premium Times
19 Feb 2019 at 10:16am
Bird flu hits Plateau, 3900 birds dead - Premium Times
19 Feb 2019 at 10:16am
Bird flu in penguins brought under control - New Era Live
19 Feb 2019 at 12:59am
Bird flu in penguins brought under control - New Era Live
19 Feb 2019 at 12:59am
Bird flu outbreak confirmed in western Taiwan... - Taiwan News
18 Feb 2019 at 8:58pm
Bird flu outbreak confirmed in western Taiwan... - Taiwan News
18 Feb 2019 at 8:58pm
Biologists are trying to make bird flu easier to spread. Can we not? - Vox.com
17 Feb 2019 at 9:00am
Biologists are trying to make bird flu easier to spread. Can we not? - Vox.com
17 Feb 2019 at 9:00am
Bird flu kills 250 penguins on Halifax Island - New Era Live
15 Feb 2019 at 2:57am
Bird flu kills 250 penguins on Halifax Island - New Era Live
15 Feb 2019 at 2:57am
Plan seeks to minimise social, economic impact of bird flu - Viet Nam News
15 Feb 2019 at 1:00am
Plan seeks to minimise social, economic impact of bird flu - Viet Nam News
15 Feb 2019 at 1:00am
Vietnam rolls out plan to prevent, ontrol bird flu for 2019-2025 - Xinhua | E...
14 Feb 2019 at 8:33am
Vietnam rolls out plan to prevent, ontrol bird flu for 2019-2025 - Xinhua | E...
14 Feb 2019 at 8:33am
Morning Break: Where's the Bird Flu? Bugs as Medicine; NYC Nurses Take to Str...
14 Feb 2019 at 7:33am
Morning Break: Where's the Bird Flu? Bugs as Medicine; NYC Nurses Take to Str...
14 Feb 2019 at 7:33am
Namibian government on alert amid bird flu outbreak - African Daily Voice
14 Feb 2019 at 1:00am
Namibian government on alert amid bird flu outbreak - African Daily Voice
14 Feb 2019 at 1:00am
China makes keeping tabs on bird flu difficult - Arizona State University
13 Feb 2019 at 2:23pm
China makes keeping tabs on bird flu difficult - Arizona State University
13 Feb 2019 at 2:23pm
Former CDC leader on bird flu threat: 'We don't know how the story's going to...
13 Feb 2019 at 12:05pm
Former CDC leader on bird flu threat: 'We don't know how the story's going to...
13 Feb 2019 at 12:05pm
What happened to bird flu? How a threat to human health faded from view - STAT
13 Feb 2019 at 1:00am
What happened to bird flu? How a threat to human health faded from view - STAT
13 Feb 2019 at 1:00am
Bird flu shuffle probes viral compatibility - EurekAlert
12 Feb 2019 at 1:11pm
Bird flu shuffle probes viral compatibility - EurekAlert
12 Feb 2019 at 1:11pm