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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Monday, December 17, 2018 5:07 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Odisha: Chicken price drops amid bird flu threat - The New Indian Express
16 Dec 2018 at 6:58pm
Odisha: Chicken price drops amid bird flu threat - The New Indian Express
16 Dec 2018 at 6:58pm
What's happening in Bird Flu Treatment Market 2018? - Journalists' Mail
16 Dec 2018 at 2:01pm
What's happening in Bird Flu Treatment Market 2018? - Journalists' Mail
16 Dec 2018 at 2:01pm
Minister: Bird flu causing egg price hike - Nation - The Star Online
15 Dec 2018 at 6:25pm
Minister: Bird flu causing egg price hike - Nation - The Star Online
15 Dec 2018 at 6:25pm
Bird Flu Outbreak: Mass culling continues for second day in Puri - Odisha Tel...
15 Dec 2018 at 11:23am
Bird Flu Outbreak: Mass culling continues for second day in Puri - Odisha Tel...
15 Dec 2018 at 11:23am
Import of birds and poultry from Russia suspended to avoid bird flu - The Tha...
15 Dec 2018 at 5:01am
Import of birds and poultry from Russia suspended to avoid bird flu - The Tha...
15 Dec 2018 at 5:01am
Culling Of Chickens Begins Near Chilika Lake After Bird Flu Hits Odisha - NDT...
14 Dec 2018 at 2:49pm
Culling Of Chickens Begins Near Chilika Lake After Bird Flu Hits Odisha - NDT...
14 Dec 2018 at 2:49pm
Bird flu alert sounded at the fringes of Bhitarkanika National Park - OrissaPOST
14 Dec 2018 at 12:40am
Bird flu alert sounded at the fringes of Bhitarkanika National Park - OrissaPOST
14 Dec 2018 at 12:40am
Odisha Bird flu: Government orders culling in four Puri villages from today -...
13 Dec 2018 at 7:27pm
Odisha Bird flu: Government orders culling in four Puri villages from today -...
13 Dec 2018 at 7:27pm
40,000 chickens put down on Powellville farm due to bird flu fears - Delmarva...
13 Dec 2018 at 3:33pm
40,000 chickens put down on Powellville farm due to bird flu fears - Delmarva...
13 Dec 2018 at 3:33pm
ADRI team to visit Chilika Lake to inspect bird flu - Pragativadi
13 Dec 2018 at 1:41pm
ADRI team to visit Chilika Lake to inspect bird flu - Pragativadi
13 Dec 2018 at 1:41pm
Traveler caught smuggling 70 live birds hidden in hair rollers into US - NBC2...
13 Dec 2018 at 12:49pm
Traveler caught smuggling 70 live birds hidden in hair rollers into US - NBC2...
13 Dec 2018 at 12:49pm
Bird flu: Odisha govt orders culling of chicken in 4 villages in Puri - Times...
13 Dec 2018 at 5:46am
Bird flu: Odisha govt orders culling of chicken in 4 villages in Puri - Times...
13 Dec 2018 at 5:46am
Taking steps to prevent bird flu outbreak on poultry farms - Guardian Nigeria
12 Dec 2018 at 8:14pm
Taking steps to prevent bird flu outbreak on poultry farms - Guardian Nigeria
12 Dec 2018 at 8:14pm
No new cases of H5N1 bird flu in humans reported since 2014 - Viet Nam News
11 Dec 2018 at 7:00pm
No new cases of H5N1 bird flu in humans reported since 2014 - Viet Nam News
11 Dec 2018 at 7:00pm
Bird flu alert in Odisha's Bhitarkanika National Park - The New Indian Express
11 Dec 2018 at 6:38pm
Bird flu alert in Odisha's Bhitarkanika National Park - The New Indian Express
11 Dec 2018 at 6:38pm
Bird flu scare grips Puri villages after death of many birds - OrissaPOST
9 Dec 2018 at 12:13am
Bird flu scare grips Puri villages after death of many birds - OrissaPOST
9 Dec 2018 at 12:13am
Bird flu strain could overcome vaccines and infect humans, scientists warn - ...
6 Dec 2018 at 5:00am
Bird flu strain could overcome vaccines and infect humans, scientists warn - ...
6 Dec 2018 at 5:00am
H5N8 Bird Flu Reported Near Tehran - Financial Tribune
4 Dec 2018 at 1:00am
H5N8 Bird Flu Reported Near Tehran - Financial Tribune
4 Dec 2018 at 1:00am
Iran reports H5N8 bird flu in backyard poultry - OIE - Reuters
3 Dec 2018 at 6:50am
Iran reports H5N8 bird flu in backyard poultry - OIE - Reuters
3 Dec 2018 at 6:50am
Avian Bird Flu winter warning - The Scottish Farmer
2 Dec 2018 at 1:00am
Avian Bird Flu winter warning - The Scottish Farmer
2 Dec 2018 at 1:00am