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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Wednesday, December 08, 2021 2:41 PM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Mel James, of Animel Haven in Mawbray, has to turn birds away due to avian fl...
8 Dec 2021 at 10:00am
Mel James, of Animel Haven in Mawbray, has to turn birds away due to avian fl...
8 Dec 2021 at 10:00am
Wales sets up emergency coordination centre to deal with bird flu crisis - Ag...
8 Dec 2021 at 8:59am
Wales sets up emergency coordination centre to deal with bird flu crisis - Ag...
8 Dec 2021 at 8:59am
Bird flu: East Yorkshire outbreak confirmed - BBC News
8 Dec 2021 at 5:17am
Bird flu: East Yorkshire outbreak confirmed - BBC News
8 Dec 2021 at 5:17am
Royal Parks ranger moves moves pelicans from St James' Park to enclosure afte...
8 Dec 2021 at 3:59am
Royal Parks ranger moves moves pelicans from St James' Park to enclosure afte...
8 Dec 2021 at 3:59am
Dead White-tailed Eagle tests positive for bird flu - BirdGuides
8 Dec 2021 at 1:31am
Dead White-tailed Eagle tests positive for bird flu - BirdGuides
8 Dec 2021 at 1:31am
Public concern as video shows another case of bird flu in swan at Belfast Wat...
6 Dec 2021 at 8:59am
Public concern as video shows another case of bird flu in swan at Belfast Wat...
6 Dec 2021 at 8:59am
Case of avian flu recorded in East Staffordshire - Staffordshire Live
6 Dec 2021 at 8:17am
Case of avian flu recorded in East Staffordshire - Staffordshire Live
6 Dec 2021 at 8:17am
New bird flu outbreak in Northern France, two more suspected - Reuters
6 Dec 2021 at 3:12am
New bird flu outbreak in Northern France, two more suspected - Reuters
6 Dec 2021 at 3:12am
Multiple dead birds found in Sunderland's Herrington Country Park sparking bi...
4 Dec 2021 at 9:18am
Multiple dead birds found in Sunderland's Herrington Country Park sparking bi...
4 Dec 2021 at 9:18am
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak at industrial farm - Reuters
3 Dec 2021 at 7:31am
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak at industrial farm - Reuters
3 Dec 2021 at 7:31am
Japan Confirms Another Bird Flu Outbreak | Nippon.com - Nippon.com
3 Dec 2021 at 12:09am
Japan Confirms Another Bird Flu Outbreak | Nippon.com - Nippon.com
3 Dec 2021 at 12:09am
Bird flu confirmed in dead crows in MP's Agar Malwa; govt asks bordering dist...
30 Nov 2021 at 6:30pm
Bird flu confirmed in dead crows in MP's Agar Malwa; govt asks bordering dist...
30 Nov 2021 at 6:30pm
Bird flu virus is back, should we be worried? - The Irish Times
27 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Bird flu virus is back, should we be worried? - The Irish Times
27 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Cases of avian bird flu discovered in Monaghan turkey flock - The Irish Times
20 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Cases of avian bird flu discovered in Monaghan turkey flock - The Irish Times
20 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Fresh health warnings over avian bird flu after series of cases found - Birmi...
19 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Fresh health warnings over avian bird flu after series of cases found - Birmi...
19 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Bird flu spreads in Europe and Asia - Reuters
15 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Bird flu spreads in Europe and Asia - Reuters
15 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Bird flu wreaks havoc in endangered Cape cormorant popu... - Daily Maverick
9 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
Bird flu wreaks havoc in endangered Cape cormorant popu... - Daily Maverick
9 Nov 2021 at 1:00am
France, Netherlands and Britain on bird flu alert following a hundred outbrea...
6 Nov 2021 at 12:00am
France, Netherlands and Britain on bird flu alert following a hundred outbrea...
6 Nov 2021 at 12:00am
Rise in human bird flu cases in China shows risk of fast-changing variants: e...
26 Oct 2021 at 12:00am
Rise in human bird flu cases in China shows risk of fast-changing variants: e...
26 Oct 2021 at 12:00am
Italy reports H5N1 bird flu outbreak among poultry, OIE says - Reuters
21 Oct 2021 at 12:00am
Italy reports H5N1 bird flu outbreak among poultry, OIE says - Reuters
21 Oct 2021 at 12:00am