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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Monday, January 20, 2020 10:29 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Germany farm ministry confirms case of bird flu in wild bird - Reuters
20 Jan 2020 at 7:18am
Germany farm ministry confirms case of bird flu in wild bird - Reuters
20 Jan 2020 at 7:18am
Bird Flu Treatment Market 2021: Industry Growth, Competitive Analysis, Future...
20 Jan 2020 at 7:11am
Bird Flu Treatment Market 2021: Industry Growth, Competitive Analysis, Future...
20 Jan 2020 at 7:11am
Slovakia detects second case of H5N8 bird flu - Reuters
20 Jan 2020 at 6:47am
Slovakia detects second case of H5N8 bird flu - Reuters
20 Jan 2020 at 6:47am
China reports new H5N6 bird flu case in Xinjiang region - Reuters
20 Jan 2020 at 2:56am
China reports new H5N6 bird flu case in Xinjiang region - Reuters
20 Jan 2020 at 2:56am
Edinburgh-backed vaccine firm raises 680,000 to target ebola and bird flu - ...
20 Jan 2020 at 1:00am
Edinburgh-backed vaccine firm raises 680,000 to target ebola and bird flu - ...
20 Jan 2020 at 1:00am
Czech Republic Confirms First Ever Case of H5N8 Bird Flu after Three Years - ...
20 Jan 2020 at 12:45am
Czech Republic Confirms First Ever Case of H5N8 Bird Flu after Three Years - ...
20 Jan 2020 at 12:45am
Czechs detect bird flu as new Europe outbreak feared - Phys.org
18 Jan 2020 at 1:16pm
Czechs detect bird flu as new Europe outbreak feared - Phys.org
18 Jan 2020 at 1:16pm
Bird flu found among domestic birds in Poland - bnn-news.com
17 Jan 2020 at 10:18pm
Bird flu found among domestic birds in Poland - bnn-news.com
17 Jan 2020 at 10:18pm
UAE bans import of eggs, meat owing to bird flu, H5N2 outbreak - Daijiworld.com
16 Jan 2020 at 11:16pm
UAE bans import of eggs, meat owing to bird flu, H5N2 outbreak - Daijiworld.com
16 Jan 2020 at 11:16pm
China detects new case of H5N6 bird flu in Xinjiang region: ministry - Reuters
16 Jan 2020 at 3:46am
China detects new case of H5N6 bird flu in Xinjiang region: ministry - Reuters
16 Jan 2020 at 3:46am
Non-notifiable bird flu confirmed at NI poultry farm - FarmersWeekly
16 Jan 2020 at 2:38am
Non-notifiable bird flu confirmed at NI poultry farm - FarmersWeekly
16 Jan 2020 at 2:38am
H5N8 bird flu found in eastern Hungary - China Economic Net
15 Jan 2020 at 12:04pm
H5N8 bird flu found in eastern Hungary - China Economic Net
15 Jan 2020 at 12:04pm
Bird flu outbreak cause unknown: minister - Warsaw Business Journal
15 Jan 2020 at 8:45am
Bird flu outbreak cause unknown: minister - Warsaw Business Journal
15 Jan 2020 at 8:45am
Non-notifiable bird flu identified in Fermanagh - Irish Farmers Journal
15 Jan 2020 at 8:40am
Non-notifiable bird flu identified in Fermanagh - Irish Farmers Journal
15 Jan 2020 at 8:40am
Bird flu strain: UAE bans live birds, poultry and meat from Hungary and Slova...
15 Jan 2020 at 5:53am
Bird flu strain: UAE bans live birds, poultry and meat from Hungary and Slova...
15 Jan 2020 at 5:53am
Hundreds of Thousands of Poultry to be Killed as Bird Flu Hits Hungary - Hung...
15 Jan 2020 at 5:38am
Hundreds of Thousands of Poultry to be Killed as Bird Flu Hits Hungary - Hung...
15 Jan 2020 at 5:38am
Romania reports outbreak of H5N8 bird flu on a farm: OIE - Reuters
15 Jan 2020 at 2:38am
Romania reports outbreak of H5N8 bird flu on a farm: OIE - Reuters
15 Jan 2020 at 2:38am
Bird flu has been eliminated in Athelington zone 14 January 2020 - Zenopa
14 Jan 2020 at 10:37am
Bird flu has been eliminated in Athelington zone 14 January 2020 - Zenopa
14 Jan 2020 at 10:37am
Pirbright scientists develop bird flu and Marek's disease vaccine - Agriland....
14 Jan 2020 at 6:12am
Pirbright scientists develop bird flu and Marek's disease vaccine - Agriland....
14 Jan 2020 at 6:12am
Eat chicken: Newcastle virus, bird flu 'don't harm humans' - Dominican Today
14 Jan 2020 at 5:47am
Eat chicken: Newcastle virus, bird flu 'don't harm humans' - Dominican Today
14 Jan 2020 at 5:47am