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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 7:02 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Netherlands tracks the introduction and spread of the 2020-2021 bird flu outb...
21 Sep 2021 at 1:45am
Netherlands tracks the introduction and spread of the 2020-2021 bird flu outb...
21 Sep 2021 at 1:45am
Investigation launched as auk crisis worsens - BirdGuides
21 Sep 2021 at 1:06am
Investigation launched as auk crisis worsens - BirdGuides
21 Sep 2021 at 1:06am
UK free from bird flu but producers urged to stay vigilant - Poultry World
20 Sep 2021 at 3:00am
UK free from bird flu but producers urged to stay vigilant - Poultry World
20 Sep 2021 at 3:00am
Thousands of seabirds found dead in northeast England and Scotland - WION
18 Sep 2021 at 11:51pm
Thousands of seabirds found dead in northeast England and Scotland - WION
18 Sep 2021 at 11:51pm
Minister: Vaccine policy soon to control avian influenza - Dhaka Tribune
18 Sep 2021 at 10:01am
Minister: Vaccine policy soon to control avian influenza - Dhaka Tribune
18 Sep 2021 at 10:01am
Global Egg Powder Market Thrives as Frequency of Avian Flu Increases, Says Fa...
17 Sep 2021 at 4:50am
Global Egg Powder Market Thrives as Frequency of Avian Flu Increases, Says Fa...
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16 Sep 2021 at 3:28am
France facing highly contagious virus as flu spreads across Europe - warning ...
16 Sep 2021 at 3:28am
With flu vaccine negotiations, Commission eyes next pandemic - POLITICO.eu
16 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
With flu vaccine negotiations, Commission eyes next pandemic - POLITICO.eu
16 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
UK officially free from bird flu - News - FG Insight
14 Sep 2021 at 9:30pm
UK officially free from bird flu - News - FG Insight
14 Sep 2021 at 9:30pm
Red alert over bird flu outbreak - Guardian
12 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Red alert over bird flu outbreak - Guardian
12 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Swine Flu Cases Confirmed in Iowa - PrecisionVaccinations
10 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Swine Flu Cases Confirmed in Iowa - PrecisionVaccinations
10 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
France sees bird flu outbreak as virus spreads again in Europe - Reuters
10 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
France sees bird flu outbreak as virus spreads again in Europe - Reuters
10 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Bird flu hits Tumu - Modern Ghana
8 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Bird flu hits Tumu - Modern Ghana
8 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Bird flu detected in Luxembourg poultry breeding operation - The Poultry Site
7 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Bird flu detected in Luxembourg poultry breeding operation - The Poultry Site
7 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Rising TB and bird flu outbreaks overshadow 2020 animal health report - Irish...
4 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Rising TB and bird flu outbreaks overshadow 2020 animal health report - Irish...
4 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
UK declared free of bird flu - Outbreak News Today - Outbreak News Today
3 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
UK declared free of bird flu - Outbreak News Today - Outbreak News Today
3 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Bird flu outbreak may affect availability of produce at Yuletide ? Poultry fa...
1 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Bird flu outbreak may affect availability of produce at Yuletide ? Poultry fa...
1 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Suspected bird flu outbreak identified in Botswana - The Poultry Site
1 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Suspected bird flu outbreak identified in Botswana - The Poultry Site
1 Sep 2021 at 12:00am
Nigeria: H5N1 bird flu outbreak confirmed in Delta state,164,473 birds affect...
28 Aug 2021 at 12:00am
Nigeria: H5N1 bird flu outbreak confirmed in Delta state,164,473 birds affect...
28 Aug 2021 at 12:00am
Weekly poultry digest: bird flu outbreaks in West Africa and labor crunch in ...
27 Aug 2021 at 12:00am
Weekly poultry digest: bird flu outbreaks in West Africa and labor crunch in ...
27 Aug 2021 at 12:00am