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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Tuesday, May 31, 2016 4:50 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Cameroon poultry farm loses 75% of revenue in recent bird flu outbreak - Came...
31 May 2016 at 2:11am
Cameroon poultry farm loses 75% of revenue in recent bird flu outbreak - Came...
31 May 2016 at 2:11am
State steps up vigil against spread of bird flu - The Hindu
30 May 2016 at 5:07pm
State steps up vigil against spread of bird flu - The Hindu
30 May 2016 at 5:07pm
Bird flu: meeting discusses preventive measures - The Hindu
28 May 2016 at 5:33pm
Bird flu: meeting discusses preventive measures - The Hindu
28 May 2016 at 5:33pm
State govt. bans poultry from Bidar after bird flu scare - The Hindu
28 May 2016 at 5:03pm
State govt. bans poultry from Bidar after bird flu scare - The Hindu
28 May 2016 at 5:03pm
Cameroon bans sale of poultry in capital after bird flu outbreak - Africanews...
28 May 2016 at 4:09am
Cameroon bans sale of poultry in capital after bird flu outbreak - Africanews...
28 May 2016 at 4:09am
Bird flu control measures at 4 check-posts 'satisfactory' - Times of India
27 May 2016 at 7:18pm
Bird flu control measures at 4 check-posts 'satisfactory' - Times of India
27 May 2016 at 7:18pm
Rabbits, skunks can pass bird flu - Iowa Farmer Today
27 May 2016 at 6:09am
Rabbits, skunks can pass bird flu - Iowa Farmer Today
27 May 2016 at 6:09am
Bird flu reappears in Cameroon, killing thousands of birds - U.S. News & Worl...
26 May 2016 at 8:25am
Bird flu reappears in Cameroon, killing thousands of birds - U.S. News & Worl...
26 May 2016 at 8:25am
Biologist says rabbits, skunks can pass bird flu to ducks - messenger-inquirer
23 May 2016 at 12:29am
Biologist says rabbits, skunks can pass bird flu to ducks - messenger-inquirer
23 May 2016 at 12:29am
Bird flu alert: 50 rapid response teams to monitor poultry farms - The Hindu
22 May 2016 at 1:22am
Bird flu alert: 50 rapid response teams to monitor poultry farms - The Hindu
22 May 2016 at 1:22am
Sacré Bleu! France Temporarily Bans Foie Gras Production Over Bird Flu Fears ...
20 May 2016 at 1:40pm
Sacré Bleu! France Temporarily Bans Foie Gras Production Over Bird Flu Fears ...
20 May 2016 at 1:40pm
Biologist: Rabbits and Skunks Can Pass Bird Flu to Ducks - ABC News
17 May 2016 at 9:53am
Biologist: Rabbits and Skunks Can Pass Bird Flu to Ducks - ABC News
17 May 2016 at 9:53am
Bird flu forces slaughter of 39K turkeys in Jasper County - Farm Talk
17 May 2016 at 6:56am
Bird flu forces slaughter of 39K turkeys in Jasper County - Farm Talk
17 May 2016 at 6:56am
Bird flu: Poultry farmers advised not to lift birds from Bidar - The Hindu
17 May 2016 at 5:15am
Bird flu: Poultry farmers advised not to lift birds from Bidar - The Hindu
17 May 2016 at 5:15am
Indonesia struggling to curb bird flu by 2020 - Jakarta Post
16 May 2016 at 10:16pm
Indonesia struggling to curb bird flu by 2020 - Jakarta Post
16 May 2016 at 10:16pm
Indonesia reports unexpected spike in bird flu cases - Jakarta Post
16 May 2016 at 7:59am
Indonesia reports unexpected spike in bird flu cases - Jakarta Post
16 May 2016 at 7:59am
Egg prices dropping after bird flu scare concerns drop - WOAI
16 May 2016 at 6:41am
Egg prices dropping after bird flu scare concerns drop - WOAI
16 May 2016 at 6:41am
Check spread of bird flu: DC - The Hindu
14 May 2016 at 5:09pm
Check spread of bird flu: DC - The Hindu
14 May 2016 at 5:09pm
Zin Htway: Ponds and 'sneezing' fountains probably carry bird flu - Ventura C...
14 May 2016 at 7:42am
Zin Htway: Ponds and 'sneezing' fountains probably carry bird flu - Ventura C...
14 May 2016 at 7:42am
Bird flu egg shortages disappear US farms quick to replace flock - The News J...
14 May 2016 at 4:59am
Bird flu egg shortages disappear US farms quick to replace flock - The News J...
14 May 2016 at 4:59am