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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Tuesday, October 23, 2018 11:23 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Mild form of bird flu found in Minnesota turkey flock - DesMoinesRegister.com
23 Oct 2018 at 10:17am
Mild form of bird flu found in Minnesota turkey flock - DesMoinesRegister.com
23 Oct 2018 at 10:17am
Mild form of bird flu found in Minnesota turkey flock - KWWL - kwwl.com
23 Oct 2018 at 8:57am
Mild form of bird flu found in Minnesota turkey flock - KWWL - kwwl.com
23 Oct 2018 at 8:57am
Bulgaria's Food Safety Agency: No Danger to Consumers Amid Bird Flu Outbreaks...
23 Oct 2018 at 1:10am
Bulgaria's Food Safety Agency: No Danger to Consumers Amid Bird Flu Outbreaks...
23 Oct 2018 at 1:10am
Korea strengthens bird flu quarantine efforts ahead of winter - The Korea Herald
22 Oct 2018 at 7:06pm
Korea strengthens bird flu quarantine efforts ahead of winter - The Korea Herald
22 Oct 2018 at 7:06pm
S. Korea strengthens bird flu quarantine efforts ahead of winter - Yonhap News
22 Oct 2018 at 7:02pm
S. Korea strengthens bird flu quarantine efforts ahead of winter - Yonhap News
22 Oct 2018 at 7:02pm
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak on two farms in south of the country - Ukr...
20 Oct 2018 at 8:45am
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak on two farms in south of the country - Ukr...
20 Oct 2018 at 8:45am
Bird flu outbreak reported in Bulgaria - Xinhua
19 Oct 2018 at 7:04am
Bird flu outbreak reported in Bulgaria - Xinhua
19 Oct 2018 at 7:04am
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak on two farms - Independent.ie
18 Oct 2018 at 10:09pm
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak on two farms - Independent.ie
18 Oct 2018 at 10:09pm
French foie gras makers say they are ready if bird flu returns - Reuters
18 Oct 2018 at 9:33am
French foie gras makers say they are ready if bird flu returns - Reuters
18 Oct 2018 at 9:33am
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak on two farms in south - Reuters
18 Oct 2018 at 8:32am
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak on two farms in south - Reuters
18 Oct 2018 at 8:32am
VN reports no new cases of bird flu in humans since 2014 - Viet Nam News
17 Oct 2018 at 1:00am
VN reports no new cases of bird flu in humans since 2014 - Viet Nam News
17 Oct 2018 at 1:00am
Over 760 billion VND for bird flu control during 2019-2025 - http://en.vietna...
16 Oct 2018 at 5:52am
Over 760 billion VND for bird flu control during 2019-2025 - http://en.vietna...
16 Oct 2018 at 5:52am
Egypt to bar live poultry trade over bird flu fears - Egypt Independent
11 Oct 2018 at 7:29am
Egypt to bar live poultry trade over bird flu fears - Egypt Independent
11 Oct 2018 at 7:29am
China reports new H5N6 bird flu outbreak in Hunan province - Channel NewsAsia
9 Oct 2018 at 3:46am
China reports new H5N6 bird flu outbreak in Hunan province - Channel NewsAsia
9 Oct 2018 at 3:46am
Bird flu detected at poultry farm in southern Bulgaria - Reuters
5 Oct 2018 at 1:49am
Bird flu detected at poultry farm in southern Bulgaria - Reuters
5 Oct 2018 at 1:49am
China reports H5N6 bird flu case on poultry farm in Guizhou province - Reuters
29 Sep 2018 at 3:16am
China reports H5N6 bird flu case on poultry farm in Guizhou province - Reuters
29 Sep 2018 at 3:16am
After chicken, bird flu virus emerges in ducks in China - Medibulletin
28 Sep 2018 at 6:41am
After chicken, bird flu virus emerges in ducks in China - Medibulletin
28 Sep 2018 at 6:41am
Bird flu switches from chickens to ducks - Cosmos
27 Sep 2018 at 8:00am
Bird flu switches from chickens to ducks - Cosmos
27 Sep 2018 at 8:00am
Thailand considers jail for feeding pigeons to eliminate bird flu risk - Time...
26 Sep 2018 at 6:19am
Thailand considers jail for feeding pigeons to eliminate bird flu risk - Time...
26 Sep 2018 at 6:19am
Bird Flu Threatens Innscor Profits - pindula.co.zw
24 Sep 2018 at 1:41pm
Bird Flu Threatens Innscor Profits - pindula.co.zw
24 Sep 2018 at 1:41pm