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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Thursday, May 25, 2017 3:40 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Plan to Increase Chicken Exports After Bird Flu Outbreak - ThePoultrySite.com
23 May 2017 at 11:00pm
Plan to Increase Chicken Exports After Bird Flu Outbreak - ThePoultrySite.com
23 May 2017 at 11:00pm
Poultry industry near collapse over no compensation for bird flu - Citifmonline
23 May 2017 at 1:49pm
Poultry industry near collapse over no compensation for bird flu - Citifmonline
23 May 2017 at 1:49pm
Royal Highland Show poultry classes cancelled over bird flu fears - Press and...
23 May 2017 at 6:11am
Royal Highland Show poultry classes cancelled over bird flu fears - Press and...
23 May 2017 at 6:11am
Bird flu to increase foreign demand for African lovebirds - Business Mirror
22 May 2017 at 9:03am
Bird flu to increase foreign demand for African lovebirds - Business Mirror
22 May 2017 at 9:03am
Two Chinese cities close poultry markets after H7N9 bird flu infections - Reu...
21 May 2017 at 3:35am
Two Chinese cities close poultry markets after H7N9 bird flu infections - Reu...
21 May 2017 at 3:35am
Iowa poultry industry back from bird flu - Iowa Farmer Today
20 May 2017 at 11:23am
Iowa poultry industry back from bird flu - Iowa Farmer Today
20 May 2017 at 11:23am
Thousands of chickens, ducks die as bird flu hits DRC - Anadolu Agency
19 May 2017 at 12:28pm
Thousands of chickens, ducks die as bird flu hits DRC - Anadolu Agency
19 May 2017 at 12:28pm
Bird owners urged to register pets and poultry following recent bird flu case...
19 May 2017 at 4:57am
Bird owners urged to register pets and poultry following recent bird flu case...
19 May 2017 at 4:57am
Bird Flu Is Back, And So Is The Inhumane Killing Of Animals - HuffPost
17 May 2017 at 11:18am
Bird Flu Is Back, And So Is The Inhumane Killing Of Animals - HuffPost
17 May 2017 at 11:18am
Bird flu Poultry restrictions lifted in Nottinghamshire - Newark Advertiser
16 May 2017 at 2:00am
Bird flu Poultry restrictions lifted in Nottinghamshire - Newark Advertiser
16 May 2017 at 2:00am
Bird flu restrictions lifted in north and west Cumbria - News & Star
14 May 2017 at 4:20pm
Bird flu restrictions lifted in north and west Cumbria - News & Star
14 May 2017 at 4:20pm
Report: US unready for bird flu - Arkansas Online
14 May 2017 at 12:17am
Report: US unready for bird flu - Arkansas Online
14 May 2017 at 12:17am
High risk areas of the north-west hit by latest bird flu measures - FG Insight
12 May 2017 at 6:22am
High risk areas of the north-west hit by latest bird flu measures - FG Insight
12 May 2017 at 6:22am
US falling short on bird flu preparation, report finds - CNN
12 May 2017 at 5:15am
US falling short on bird flu preparation, report finds - CNN
12 May 2017 at 5:15am
China H7N9 bird flu death toll fell to 24 in April: health authority - Reuters
11 May 2017 at 8:22pm
China H7N9 bird flu death toll fell to 24 in April: health authority - Reuters
11 May 2017 at 8:22pm
Abstracts: Bird Flu, Albatross, Robots, and More - Undark Magazine
11 May 2017 at 1:40pm
Abstracts: Bird Flu, Albatross, Robots, and More - Undark Magazine
11 May 2017 at 1:40pm
With bird flu surging, US needs to do more to prevent possible pandemic, GAO ...
11 May 2017 at 5:41am
With bird flu surging, US needs to do more to prevent possible pandemic, GAO ...
11 May 2017 at 5:41am
With bird flu surging, U.S. needs to do more to prevent possible ... - Washin...
11 May 2017 at 4:05am
With bird flu surging, U.S. needs to do more to prevent possible ... - Washin...
11 May 2017 at 4:05am
Two bird flu cases confirmed in the UK - Irish Independent
8 May 2017 at 6:42am
Two bird flu cases confirmed in the UK - Irish Independent
8 May 2017 at 6:42am
Chickens culled as bird flu found at second Lancashire farm - BBC News
7 May 2017 at 4:20am
Chickens culled as bird flu found at second Lancashire farm - BBC News
7 May 2017 at 4:20am