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Bird flu symptoms

Updated: Saturday, April 25, 2015 5:26 AM EDT
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Bird flu symptoms

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Complications Of Bird flu
Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including: Tell your doctor if you've been to a country where there is bird flu
If you have recently returned from a country that had an outbreak of bird flu and you get flu symptoms, see your doctor immediately. When making the appointment, tell the clinic staff about your travel including any visits to markets, farms or anywhere else where birds were present.

Influenza viruses can mutate
Influenza viruses that infect animal species can mutate and infect humans. The human immune system may have no defences against viruses that previously only infected animals. That's why infection with these viruses can result in more severe disease in people.

If the H5N1 bird flu virus were to mix with a human influenza virus, such a 'combined' virus could create a new human influenza virus that could spread rapidly.

Health experts are concerned that the current bird flu affecting Asia could become a worldwide pandemic if the virus does mutate. The worst influenza pandemic in modern history was the Spanish flu, which occurred in 1918–19 and killed up to 50 million people.

Measures to contain the spread of the current bird flu virus include identifying and culling affected poultry flocks, research into tests and vaccines, and rigorous quarantine practices.

Treatment options
Several antiviral medications used to treat human influenza are also effective for bird flu. These could be used if a person developed symptoms after possible exposure to bird flu, or to prevent illness in a person who was in close contact with bird flu. Currently testing for bird flu vaccines is an ongoing process.

At the moment, there is no need for people living in USA, or people making short visits to countries with cases of bird flu, to have antiviral medications. Americans living long-term in countries affected by bird flu should consider having a supply of antiviral medications in the home to use on medical advice should the situation change while they are away from the US.

The Federal government is stockpiling Relenza and Tamiflu, two drugs that may be used in the treatment of human cases of bird flu. In the case of an outbreak in humans, these drugs would be used to maintain essential services, prevent transmission and provide treatment for people who are already ill.

A vaccine against bird flu is in development, but is not currently available. The current influenza vaccines will not protect humans against bird flu. However, people who may be exposed to bird flu should consider being vaccinated against human influenza viruses to reduce the risk of the viruses 'mixing' to form a new flu strain.

Advice for travellers
Be aware of the risk of bird flu if you are travelling to a country where outbreaks are occurring. Suggestions include:
Stillwater Student Collects Wild Turkey Heads, Tests for Bird Flu - KSTP.com
24 Apr 2015 at 8:40pm
Stillwater Student Collects Wild Turkey Heads, Tests for Bird Flu - KSTP.com
24 Apr 2015 at 8:40pm
Bird Flu Steers Clear of the Magic Valley - KMVT
24 Apr 2015 at 7:04pm
Bird Flu Steers Clear of the Magic Valley - KMVT
24 Apr 2015 at 7:04pm
Experts: How To Avoid Backyard Chicken Bird Flu - whotv.com
24 Apr 2015 at 5:14pm
Experts: How To Avoid Backyard Chicken Bird Flu - whotv.com
24 Apr 2015 at 5:14pm
Bird flu may affect prices at grocery store - KTIV
24 Apr 2015 at 4:38pm
Bird flu may affect prices at grocery store - KTIV
24 Apr 2015 at 4:38pm
Flandreau Company On High-Alert As Bird Flu Spreads - KELOLAND TV
24 Apr 2015 at 4:02pm
Flandreau Company On High-Alert As Bird Flu Spreads - KELOLAND TV
24 Apr 2015 at 4:02pm
Bird flu confirmed in second North Dakota poultry flock - Bismarck Tribune
24 Apr 2015 at 3:23pm
Bird flu confirmed in second North Dakota poultry flock - Bismarck Tribune
24 Apr 2015 at 3:23pm
Great Plains Zoo Takes Precautions Against Bird Flu - KELOLAND TV
24 Apr 2015 at 2:59pm
Great Plains Zoo Takes Precautions Against Bird Flu - KELOLAND TV
24 Apr 2015 at 2:59pm
Buy Pilgrim's Pride On Bird Flu Scares - Seeking Alpha
24 Apr 2015 at 12:00pm
Buy Pilgrim's Pride On Bird Flu Scares - Seeking Alpha
24 Apr 2015 at 12:00pm
Global Hotspots: Bird flu slowing exports, Brazil truckers strike - Farm Futures
24 Apr 2015 at 10:39am
Global Hotspots: Bird flu slowing exports, Brazil truckers strike - Farm Futures
24 Apr 2015 at 10:39am
Gov. Dayton declares state of emergency over bird flu outbreak - Minneapolis ...
24 Apr 2015 at 10:31am
Gov. Dayton declares state of emergency over bird flu outbreak - Minneapolis ...
24 Apr 2015 at 10:31am
How to Contain the Latest Bird Flu Outbreak - Bloomberg
24 Apr 2015 at 9:16am
How to Contain the Latest Bird Flu Outbreak - Bloomberg
24 Apr 2015 at 9:16am
Local farms on lock-down because of bird flu: Will it affect the price of egg...
24 Apr 2015 at 8:35am
Local farms on lock-down because of bird flu: Will it affect the price of egg...
24 Apr 2015 at 8:35am
Greg Peck: Bird flu is troubling development - Gazettextra
24 Apr 2015 at 8:14am
Greg Peck: Bird flu is troubling development - Gazettextra
24 Apr 2015 at 8:14am
Bird flu: Nagaland, Mizoram ban import of poultry from Manipur - Firstpost
24 Apr 2015 at 7:37am
Bird flu: Nagaland, Mizoram ban import of poultry from Manipur - Firstpost
24 Apr 2015 at 7:37am
Bird Flu Outbreak: Why Farmers Are Killing Millions Of Turkeys And Chickens I...
24 Apr 2015 at 5:36am
Bird Flu Outbreak: Why Farmers Are Killing Millions Of Turkeys And Chickens I...
24 Apr 2015 at 5:36am
'Bird-flu chicken' dump creates tension - The Hindu
24 Apr 2015 at 3:52am
'Bird-flu chicken' dump creates tension - The Hindu
24 Apr 2015 at 3:52am
Daybreak Foods dealing with bird flu that struck huge Lake Mills facility - M...
24 Apr 2015 at 3:20am
Daybreak Foods dealing with bird flu that struck huge Lake Mills facility - M...
24 Apr 2015 at 3:20am
Could Bird Flu Cases Raise Egg Prices? - WIFR
23 Apr 2015 at 9:01pm
Could Bird Flu Cases Raise Egg Prices? - WIFR
23 Apr 2015 at 9:01pm
Factbox: US bird flu outbreak in poultry - Yahoo News
23 Apr 2015 at 4:49pm
Factbox: US bird flu outbreak in poultry - Yahoo News
23 Apr 2015 at 4:49pm
Device that could halt bird flu needs funding to hit market faster - Waterloo...
23 Apr 2015 at 4:47pm
Device that could halt bird flu needs funding to hit market faster - Waterloo...
23 Apr 2015 at 4:47pm