avianinfluenza.org
>

Bird Flu scare and the US embargo on birds

Updated: Saturday, April 20, 2019 11:44 AM EDT
Avian influenza Articles
Preparing for Human, H5N1 bird flu outbreak
Bird flu symptoms
Can you catch Bird Flu , Avian Influenza from eating poultry?
Confirmed human H5N1 bird flu cases
The origins of Bird Flu
Your cat and Bird flu , avian influenza
Potential bird flu treatment discovery
Bird flu , Avian influenza, new Spanish flu of 1918?
Bird Flu scare and the US bird Embargo
Bird flu , Avian Influenza a non-technical view
Bird flu , Avian flu outbreaks (human to human) in North America
Bird flu , Avian Influenza virus in Smuggled Thai Eagles
Bird flu , Avian Influenza Mutation H5N1 Virus
H5N1 Bird flu , Avian Influenza human vaccine developments
Bird flu , Avian influenza, fact or fiction?
Economic and Social Impacts of Bird Flu , Avian Influenza
Preparing For Pandemic Influenza
Bird Flu , Avian Influenza FAQ
Trial of Experimental Bird Flu , Avian Influenza Vaccine
Bird flu , Avian Influenza infection in Humans
Bird Flu , Avian Influenza explained

Bird Flu Map Links
USGS Interactive Bird flu map
Whooper Swan Tracking Map
Bird flu - US Government

Bird flu scare and the US embargo on birds

December 29,2005

Based on concerns about highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus and its potential to cause illness in humans, CDC and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have taken steps to prevent importation of birds and bird products from countries with the virus.

On February 4, 2004, CDC issued an order for an immediate ban on the import of all birds (Class: Aves) from the following areas in Southeast Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, People's Republic of China (including Hong Kong SAR), South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam. This order complemented a similar action taken by the USDA. On March 10, 2004, CDC, in coordination with USDA, lifted the embargo of birds and bird products from Hong Kong, because evidence showed no further HPAI H5N1 activity in the region.

On September 28, 2004, the list of countries affected by the embargo of birds and bird products was expanded by both CDC and USDA to include Malaysia. Further spread of H5N1 through Asia and into Europe prompted USDA to issue a Final Rule on July 20, 2005, restricting the importation of poultry, commercial birds, and some pet birds, as well as unprocessed bird products, from countries with HPAI H5N1. On December 29, 2005, CDC issued an amendment adding Kazakhstan, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine to its current embargo.

Thus, the CDC and USDA combined regulations currently restrict the importation of birds and bird products from the following countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Peoples' Republic of China, Romania, Russia, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam. (current as of December 29, 2005).

Questions and Answers

What birds are subject to the current import restrictions?

The CDC order applies to all birds (including poultry) from Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Peoples’ Republic of China, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Romania, Russia, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam, whether dead or alive, as well as products derived from birds, such as hatching eggs. The USDA rule restricts entry of poultry, commercial birds, pet birds, and unprocessed bird products from these countries.

Why do the CDC and USDA import restrictions apply to birds, but not other animals?

HPAI H5N1 avian influenza is a subtype of the type A influenza virus. Wild birds are the natural hosts of the virus, which circulates among birds worldwide. It is very contagious among birds and can be deadly to them, particularly domesticated birds like chickens. Infected birds shed virus in saliva, nasal secretions, and feces. Avian influenza viruses spread among susceptible birds when they have contact with contaminated excretions. Because there is no evidence of sustained HPAI H5N1 virus transmission among other animals, restrictions on other animal species are not currently needed. If additional animals appear to pose a risk for human infection, the importation restrictions may be expanded to include them.

Do the CDC and USDA import restrictions apply to birds already in the United States?

No current evidence suggests that birds infected with HPAI H5N1 have been imported and are causing disease in the United States. Therefore, these orders do not include restrictions upon the domestic movement of birds already in the United States.

Are there any exceptions to the import restrictions?

Yes. The orders do not apply to any person who imports or attempts to import products derived from birds if such products have been properly processed to render them noninfectious, as determined by federal officials, so that they comply with USDA requirements and pose no risk of transmitting or carrying the HPAI H5N1 virus.

What are HHS' and USDA's authority for taking these actions?

These actions are based upon provisions in Title 42 United States Code Section 264 (Section 361 of the Public Health Service Act) which authorize HHS to make and enforce regulations needed to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of diseases from foreign countries into the United States, or from one State or possession into any other State or possession. CDC has implemented this statute through regulations, and those that specifically authorize the order are found at 42 CFR 71.32(b). USDA’s authority for these actions is found at 9 CFR Parts 93, 94, and 95.

Who will enforce the provisions of these import restrictions?

CDC will work with other federal agencies, such as the Animal Plant Health Inspection Service of USDA, Bureau of Customs and Border Protection of the Department of Homeland Security, and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of Interior, who have legal responsibility for enforcing the importation embargo.

What are the consequences of violating these import restrictions?

CDC is most concerned with making sure people comply with the order as a way of preventing the spread of HPAI H5N1 virus infection to humans and other animals. People who violate the order may be subject to criminal and/or civil penalties.

 

Cambodia reports 1st outbreak of H5N6 bird flu - indiablooms
19 Apr 2019 at 5:19am
Cambodia reports 1st outbreak of H5N6 bird flu - indiablooms
19 Apr 2019 at 5:19am
Cambodia reports an outbreak of H5N6 bird flu: OIE - Reuters
18 Apr 2019 at 9:37am
Cambodia reports an outbreak of H5N6 bird flu: OIE - Reuters
18 Apr 2019 at 9:37am
1130 poultry birds culled after bird flu outbreak - Kuensel, Buhutan's Nation...
13 Apr 2019 at 12:34am
1130 poultry birds culled after bird flu outbreak - Kuensel, Buhutan's Nation...
13 Apr 2019 at 12:34am
Bird Flu Treatment Market 2019- Global Development History, Key manufacturers...
12 Apr 2019 at 5:09am
Bird Flu Treatment Market 2019- Global Development History, Key manufacturers...
12 Apr 2019 at 5:09am
China's Inner Mongolia reports human infection of H7N9 bird flu virus: Xinhua...
6 Apr 2019 at 6:58am
China's Inner Mongolia reports human infection of H7N9 bird flu virus: Xinhua...
6 Apr 2019 at 6:58am
Bulgaria reports new bird flu outbreak - Reuters
3 Apr 2019 at 4:17am
Bulgaria reports new bird flu outbreak - Reuters
3 Apr 2019 at 4:17am
China reports H5N1 bird flu outbreak in Liaoning province - Reuters
1 Apr 2019 at 12:00am
China reports H5N1 bird flu outbreak in Liaoning province - Reuters
1 Apr 2019 at 12:00am
Bird flu scare grips Cuttack: Ducks culled, compensation announced - Down To ...
29 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Bird flu scare grips Cuttack: Ducks culled, compensation announced - Down To ...
29 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
50000 chickens culled in Makawanpur bird flu scare - www.thepoultrysite.com
28 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
50000 chickens culled in Makawanpur bird flu scare - www.thepoultrysite.com
28 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Bird flu scare: Over 50000 fowls culled in Makawanpur - Himalayan Times
27 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Bird flu scare: Over 50000 fowls culled in Makawanpur - Himalayan Times
27 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Four countries report avian flu outbreaks in poultry - CIDRAP
25 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Four countries report avian flu outbreaks in poultry - CIDRAP
25 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Experts dismiss rumours of bird flu outbreak in Chitwan district - Himalayan ...
24 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Experts dismiss rumours of bird flu outbreak in Chitwan district - Himalayan ...
24 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
399 districts identified as high risk areas for bird flu - http://en.vietnamp...
23 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
399 districts identified as high risk areas for bird flu - http://en.vietnamp...
23 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Wicomico bird flu scare shows gap in poultry response plan - Delmarva Daily T...
22 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Wicomico bird flu scare shows gap in poultry response plan - Delmarva Daily T...
22 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak at duck farm - Reuters
14 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Bulgaria reports bird flu outbreak at duck farm - Reuters
14 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Colorado State University, USDA train dogs to sniff out bird flu - American V...
13 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Colorado State University, USDA train dogs to sniff out bird flu - American V...
13 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Saint Louis University working on bird flu vaccine after H7N9 is discovered i...
12 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Saint Louis University working on bird flu vaccine after H7N9 is discovered i...
12 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Why The Scientific Debate Over A UW Bird Flu Study Isn't Going Away - WisContext
12 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Why The Scientific Debate Over A UW Bird Flu Study Isn't Going Away - WisContext
12 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
SLU Seeks Volunteers To Test Bird Flu Vaccination - St. Louis Public Radio
11 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
SLU Seeks Volunteers To Test Bird Flu Vaccination - St. Louis Public Radio
11 Mar 2019 at 12:00am
Scientists Resume Efforts To Create Deadly Flu Virus, With US Government's Bl...
4 Mar 2019 at 1:00am
Scientists Resume Efforts To Create Deadly Flu Virus, With US Government's Bl...
4 Mar 2019 at 1:00am