avianinfluenza.org
>

Bird Flu scare and the US embargo on birds

Updated: Wednesday, August 23, 2017 11:53 PM EDT
Avian influenza Articles
Preparing for Human, H5N1 bird flu outbreak
Bird flu symptoms
Can you catch Bird Flu , Avian Influenza from eating poultry?
Confirmed human H5N1 bird flu cases
The origins of Bird Flu
Your cat and Bird flu , avian influenza
Potential bird flu treatment discovery
Bird flu , Avian influenza, new Spanish flu of 1918?
Bird Flu scare and the US bird Embargo
Bird flu , Avian Influenza a non-technical view
Bird flu , Avian flu outbreaks (human to human) in North America
Bird flu , Avian Influenza virus in Smuggled Thai Eagles
Bird flu , Avian Influenza Mutation H5N1 Virus
H5N1 Bird flu , Avian Influenza human vaccine developments
Bird flu , Avian influenza, fact or fiction?
Economic and Social Impacts of Bird Flu , Avian Influenza
Preparing For Pandemic Influenza
Bird Flu , Avian Influenza FAQ
Trial of Experimental Bird Flu , Avian Influenza Vaccine
Bird flu , Avian Influenza infection in Humans
Bird Flu , Avian Influenza explained

Bird Flu Map Links
USGS Interactive Bird flu map
Whooper Swan Tracking Map
Bird flu - US Government

Bird flu scare and the US embargo on birds

December 29,2005

Based on concerns about highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus and its potential to cause illness in humans, CDC and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have taken steps to prevent importation of birds and bird products from countries with the virus.

On February 4, 2004, CDC issued an order for an immediate ban on the import of all birds (Class: Aves) from the following areas in Southeast Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, People's Republic of China (including Hong Kong SAR), South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam. This order complemented a similar action taken by the USDA. On March 10, 2004, CDC, in coordination with USDA, lifted the embargo of birds and bird products from Hong Kong, because evidence showed no further HPAI H5N1 activity in the region.

On September 28, 2004, the list of countries affected by the embargo of birds and bird products was expanded by both CDC and USDA to include Malaysia. Further spread of H5N1 through Asia and into Europe prompted USDA to issue a Final Rule on July 20, 2005, restricting the importation of poultry, commercial birds, and some pet birds, as well as unprocessed bird products, from countries with HPAI H5N1. On December 29, 2005, CDC issued an amendment adding Kazakhstan, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine to its current embargo.

Thus, the CDC and USDA combined regulations currently restrict the importation of birds and bird products from the following countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Peoples' Republic of China, Romania, Russia, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam. (current as of December 29, 2005).

Questions and Answers

What birds are subject to the current import restrictions?

The CDC order applies to all birds (including poultry) from Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Peoples’ Republic of China, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Romania, Russia, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam, whether dead or alive, as well as products derived from birds, such as hatching eggs. The USDA rule restricts entry of poultry, commercial birds, pet birds, and unprocessed bird products from these countries.

Why do the CDC and USDA import restrictions apply to birds, but not other animals?

HPAI H5N1 avian influenza is a subtype of the type A influenza virus. Wild birds are the natural hosts of the virus, which circulates among birds worldwide. It is very contagious among birds and can be deadly to them, particularly domesticated birds like chickens. Infected birds shed virus in saliva, nasal secretions, and feces. Avian influenza viruses spread among susceptible birds when they have contact with contaminated excretions. Because there is no evidence of sustained HPAI H5N1 virus transmission among other animals, restrictions on other animal species are not currently needed. If additional animals appear to pose a risk for human infection, the importation restrictions may be expanded to include them.

Do the CDC and USDA import restrictions apply to birds already in the United States?

No current evidence suggests that birds infected with HPAI H5N1 have been imported and are causing disease in the United States. Therefore, these orders do not include restrictions upon the domestic movement of birds already in the United States.

Are there any exceptions to the import restrictions?

Yes. The orders do not apply to any person who imports or attempts to import products derived from birds if such products have been properly processed to render them noninfectious, as determined by federal officials, so that they comply with USDA requirements and pose no risk of transmitting or carrying the HPAI H5N1 virus.

What are HHS' and USDA's authority for taking these actions?

These actions are based upon provisions in Title 42 United States Code Section 264 (Section 361 of the Public Health Service Act) which authorize HHS to make and enforce regulations needed to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of diseases from foreign countries into the United States, or from one State or possession into any other State or possession. CDC has implemented this statute through regulations, and those that specifically authorize the order are found at 42 CFR 71.32(b). USDA’s authority for these actions is found at 9 CFR Parts 93, 94, and 95.

Who will enforce the provisions of these import restrictions?

CDC will work with other federal agencies, such as the Animal Plant Health Inspection Service of USDA, Bureau of Customs and Border Protection of the Department of Homeland Security, and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of Interior, who have legal responsibility for enforcing the importation embargo.

What are the consequences of violating these import restrictions?

CDC is most concerned with making sure people comply with the order as a way of preventing the spread of HPAI H5N1 virus infection to humans and other animals. People who violate the order may be subject to criminal and/or civil penalties.

 

Bird flu fails to dampen demand for yellow corn - Business Mirror
23 Aug 2017 at 9:06pm
Bird flu fails to dampen demand for yellow corn - Business Mirror
23 Aug 2017 at 9:06pm
How Bird Flu Grows An 'Eggshell' That Makes It More Deadly - Asian Scientist ...
23 Aug 2017 at 8:07pm
How Bird Flu Grows An 'Eggshell' That Makes It More Deadly - Asian Scientist ...
23 Aug 2017 at 8:07pm
DA: Cagayan Valley is bird-flu free - Philippine Information Agency
23 Aug 2017 at 6:10pm
DA: Cagayan Valley is bird-flu free - Philippine Information Agency
23 Aug 2017 at 6:10pm
Australia tests confirm bird flu | Inquirer News - Inquirer.net
23 Aug 2017 at 3:45pm
Australia tests confirm bird flu | Inquirer News - Inquirer.net
23 Aug 2017 at 3:45pm
Australian lab confirms bird flu outbreak in Pampanga | SunStar - Sun.Star
23 Aug 2017 at 10:14am
Australian lab confirms bird flu outbreak in Pampanga | SunStar - Sun.Star
23 Aug 2017 at 10:14am
Sales plummet in once bird flu-free country - Malaya
23 Aug 2017 at 7:00am
Sales plummet in once bird flu-free country - Malaya
23 Aug 2017 at 7:00am
Makati creates task force to monitor bird-flu outbreak in city markets - Busi...
23 Aug 2017 at 5:55am
Makati creates task force to monitor bird-flu outbreak in city markets - Busi...
23 Aug 2017 at 5:55am
Bird Flu Outbreak: Zimbabwe Faces Shortage Of Broiler Chicks - P.M. News
23 Aug 2017 at 5:29am
Bird Flu Outbreak: Zimbabwe Faces Shortage Of Broiler Chicks - P.M. News
23 Aug 2017 at 5:29am
Tarlac holds 'Chicken Festival' to ward off bird flu stigma - Rappler
23 Aug 2017 at 4:10am
Tarlac holds 'Chicken Festival' to ward off bird flu stigma - Rappler
23 Aug 2017 at 4:10am
Prices of chicken in Negros Occidental decrease anew amid bird flu scare - Su...
22 Aug 2017 at 11:04pm
Prices of chicken in Negros Occidental decrease anew amid bird flu scare - Su...
22 Aug 2017 at 11:04pm
City of San Fernando ups measures vs bird flu 'scare' - Sun.Star
22 Aug 2017 at 10:59pm
City of San Fernando ups measures vs bird flu 'scare' - Sun.Star
22 Aug 2017 at 10:59pm
Can 13-year-old manual save PHL from bird flu? | BusinessMirror - Business Mi...
22 Aug 2017 at 9:58pm
Can 13-year-old manual save PHL from bird flu? | BusinessMirror - Business Mi...
22 Aug 2017 at 9:58pm
Cockfights off as bird flu hits Pampanga - Inquirer.net
22 Aug 2017 at 2:19pm
Cockfights off as bird flu hits Pampanga - Inquirer.net
22 Aug 2017 at 2:19pm
Makati forms task force for bird flu watch | Inquirer News - Inquirer.net
22 Aug 2017 at 2:02pm
Makati forms task force for bird flu watch | Inquirer News - Inquirer.net
22 Aug 2017 at 2:02pm
Davao wants Mindanao-wide task force vs bird flu | SunStar - Sun.Star
22 Aug 2017 at 11:59am
Davao wants Mindanao-wide task force vs bird flu | SunStar - Sun.Star
22 Aug 2017 at 11:59am
SA's bird flu outbreak threatens poultry industry - minister - Eyewitness News
22 Aug 2017 at 10:45am
SA's bird flu outbreak threatens poultry industry - minister - Eyewitness News
22 Aug 2017 at 10:45am
South Africa's bird flu outbreak threatens poultry industry - Nasdaq
22 Aug 2017 at 9:43am
South Africa's bird flu outbreak threatens poultry industry - Nasdaq
22 Aug 2017 at 9:43am
We must help government eliminate bird flu | BusinessMirror - Business Mirror
22 Aug 2017 at 4:06am
We must help government eliminate bird flu | BusinessMirror - Business Mirror
22 Aug 2017 at 4:06am
Lab in Australia confirms bird flu outbreak in Pampanga - Rappler
22 Aug 2017 at 2:16am
Lab in Australia confirms bird flu outbreak in Pampanga - Rappler
22 Aug 2017 at 2:16am
Zokwana meets poultry industry over H5N8 bird flu - SowetanLIVE
22 Aug 2017 at 1:29am
Zokwana meets poultry industry over H5N8 bird flu - SowetanLIVE
22 Aug 2017 at 1:29am