avianinfluenza.org

Avian Influenza Infection in Humans

Updated: Tuesday, June 19, 2018 2:59 AM EDT
Avian influenza Articles
Preparing for Human, H5N1 bird flu outbreak
Bird flu symptoms
Can you catch Bird Flu , Avian Influenza from eating poultry?
Confirmed human H5N1 bird flu cases
The origins of Bird Flu
Your cat and Bird flu , avian influenza
Potential bird flu treatment discovery
Bird flu , Avian influenza, new Spanish flu of 1918?
Bird Flu scare and the US bird Embargo
Bird flu , Avian Influenza a non-technical view
Bird flu , Avian flu outbreaks (human to human) in North America
Bird flu , Avian Influenza virus in Smuggled Thai Eagles
Bird flu , Avian Influenza Mutation H5N1 Virus
H5N1 Bird flu , Avian Influenza human vaccine developments
Bird flu , Avian influenza, fact or fiction?
Economic and Social Impacts of Bird Flu , Avian Influenza
Preparing For Pandemic Influenza
Bird Flu , Avian Influenza FAQ
Trial of Experimental Bird Flu , Avian Influenza Vaccine
Bird flu , Avian Influenza infection in Humans
Bird Flu , Avian Influenza explained

Bird Flu Map Links
USGS Interactive Bird flu map
Whooper Swan Tracking Map
Bird flu - US Government

Avian Influenza Infection in Humans

Although avian influenza A viruses usually do not infect humans, more than 100 confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza viruses have been reported since 1997. For example, the World Health Organization (WHO) maintains situation updates and cumulative reports of human cases of avian influenza A (H5N1). Most cases of avian influenza infection in humans are thought to have resulted from direct contact with infected poultry or contaminated surfaces. However, there is still a lot to learn about how different subtypes and strains of avian influenza virus might affect humans. For example, it is not known how the distinction between low pathogenic and highly pathogenic strains might impact the health risk to humans. (For more information, see “Low Pathogenic versus Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses” on the CDC Influenza Viruses Web page.

Because of concerns about the potential for more widespread infection in the human population, public health authorities closely monitor outbreaks of human illness associated with avian influenza. To date, human infections with avian influenza A viruses detected since 1997 have not resulted in sustained human-to-human transmission. However, because influenza A viruses have the potential to change and gain the ability to spread easily between people, monitoring for human infection and person-to-person transmission is important.

Instances of Avian Influenza Infections in Humans

Confirmed instances of avian influenza viruses infecting humans since 1997 include:

Symptoms of Avian Influenza in Humans

The reported symptoms of avian influenza in humans have ranged from typical influenza-like symptoms (e.g., fever, cough, sore throat, and muscle aches) to eye infections (conjunctivitis), pneumonia, acute respiratory distress, viral pneumonia, and other severe and life-threatening complications.

Antiviral Agents for Influenza

Four different influenza antiviral drugs (amantadine, rimantadine, oseltamivir, and zanamivir) are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of influenza; three are approved for prophylaxis. All four have activity against influenza A viruses. However, sometimes influenza strains can become resistant to these drugs, and therefore the drugs may not always be effective. For example, analyses of some of the 2004 H5N1 viruses isolated from poultry and humans in Asia have shown that the viruses are resistant to two of the medications (amantadine and rimantadine). Monitoring of avian influenza A viruses for resistance to influenza antiviral medications is ongoing.

Wild bird found dead with bird flu in Northern Ireland - FarmingUK
19 Jun 2018 at 2:04am
Wild bird found dead with bird flu in Northern Ireland - FarmingUK
19 Jun 2018 at 2:04am
Over 600 Deaths As China Suffers Bird Flu Outbreak ? - Plant Based News
17 Jun 2018 at 6:36am
Over 600 Deaths As China Suffers Bird Flu Outbreak ? - Plant Based News
17 Jun 2018 at 6:36am
Second case of bird flu confirmed in Northern Ireland - Irish Times
15 Jun 2018 at 8:38am
Second case of bird flu confirmed in Northern Ireland - Irish Times
15 Jun 2018 at 8:38am
New Bird Flu Strain Kills 38% of Those It Infects - Daily Beast
15 Jun 2018 at 7:58am
New Bird Flu Strain Kills 38% of Those It Infects - Daily Beast
15 Jun 2018 at 7:58am
Fears raised over the spread of a strain of bird flu that kills 38% of people...
15 Jun 2018 at 6:42am
Fears raised over the spread of a strain of bird flu that kills 38% of people...
15 Jun 2018 at 6:42am
Second case of bird flu this year confirmed in NI - ITV News
15 Jun 2018 at 5:43am
Second case of bird flu this year confirmed in NI - ITV News
15 Jun 2018 at 5:43am
In world first, University of Hong Kong scientists develop flu drug using gen...
15 Jun 2018 at 3:41am
In world first, University of Hong Kong scientists develop flu drug using gen...
15 Jun 2018 at 3:41am
Bird flu ALERT: Outbreak SPREADS to European farms | World ... - Express.co.uk
13 Jun 2018 at 1:49pm
Bird flu ALERT: Outbreak SPREADS to European farms | World ... - Express.co.uk
13 Jun 2018 at 1:49pm
Bulgaria reports another outbreak of virulent bird flu - Reuters
13 Jun 2018 at 11:42am
Bulgaria reports another outbreak of virulent bird flu - Reuters
13 Jun 2018 at 11:42am
Bird flu spreads in southern Vietnam - Xinhua
13 Jun 2018 at 12:18am
Bird flu spreads in southern Vietnam - Xinhua
13 Jun 2018 at 12:18am
Saudi Arabia bans poultry imports from Nepal over bird flu - Arab News
10 Jun 2018 at 3:40pm
Saudi Arabia bans poultry imports from Nepal over bird flu - Arab News
10 Jun 2018 at 3:40pm
PHL may regain bird flu-free status soon - Business Mirror
7 Jun 2018 at 5:22am
PHL may regain bird flu-free status soon - Business Mirror
7 Jun 2018 at 5:22am
Bird flu suspected in Koshi rural municipality - setopati.net
6 Jun 2018 at 1:04am
Bird flu suspected in Koshi rural municipality - setopati.net
6 Jun 2018 at 1:04am
'Bird flu' fear brings down consumption, price of chicken in the country - Hi...
5 Jun 2018 at 10:00pm
'Bird flu' fear brings down consumption, price of chicken in the country - Hi...
5 Jun 2018 at 10:00pm
Bird flu prevention measures in Thailand - The Edge Markets MY
5 Jun 2018 at 2:06am
Bird flu prevention measures in Thailand - The Edge Markets MY
5 Jun 2018 at 2:06am
Vietnam reports more suspected bird flu cases - Xinhua
3 Jun 2018 at 8:52pm
Vietnam reports more suspected bird flu cases - Xinhua
3 Jun 2018 at 8:52pm
16 people catch bird flu at Vietnam's hospital - Xinhua
3 Jun 2018 at 6:50am
16 people catch bird flu at Vietnam's hospital - Xinhua
3 Jun 2018 at 6:50am
Dobrich: Municipal epizootic committee takes measures to prevent bird flu spr...
31 May 2018 at 6:52am
Dobrich: Municipal epizootic committee takes measures to prevent bird flu spr...
31 May 2018 at 6:52am
Nepal reports outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu - Reuters
29 May 2018 at 3:15am
Nepal reports outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu - Reuters
29 May 2018 at 3:15am
Pekin ducks culled as bird flu found at poultry farm in Stefanovo village - F...
28 May 2018 at 7:01am
Pekin ducks culled as bird flu found at poultry farm in Stefanovo village - F...
28 May 2018 at 7:01am