avianinfluenza.org

Avian Influenza Infection in Humans

Updated: Thursday, May 25, 2017 3:41 AM EDT
Avian influenza Articles
Preparing for Human, H5N1 bird flu outbreak
Bird flu symptoms
Can you catch Bird Flu , Avian Influenza from eating poultry?
Confirmed human H5N1 bird flu cases
The origins of Bird Flu
Your cat and Bird flu , avian influenza
Potential bird flu treatment discovery
Bird flu , Avian influenza, new Spanish flu of 1918?
Bird Flu scare and the US bird Embargo
Bird flu , Avian Influenza a non-technical view
Bird flu , Avian flu outbreaks (human to human) in North America
Bird flu , Avian Influenza virus in Smuggled Thai Eagles
Bird flu , Avian Influenza Mutation H5N1 Virus
H5N1 Bird flu , Avian Influenza human vaccine developments
Bird flu , Avian influenza, fact or fiction?
Economic and Social Impacts of Bird Flu , Avian Influenza
Preparing For Pandemic Influenza
Bird Flu , Avian Influenza FAQ
Trial of Experimental Bird Flu , Avian Influenza Vaccine
Bird flu , Avian Influenza infection in Humans
Bird Flu , Avian Influenza explained

Bird Flu Map Links
USGS Interactive Bird flu map
Whooper Swan Tracking Map
Bird flu - US Government

Avian Influenza Infection in Humans

Although avian influenza A viruses usually do not infect humans, more than 100 confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza viruses have been reported since 1997. For example, the World Health Organization (WHO) maintains situation updates and cumulative reports of human cases of avian influenza A (H5N1). Most cases of avian influenza infection in humans are thought to have resulted from direct contact with infected poultry or contaminated surfaces. However, there is still a lot to learn about how different subtypes and strains of avian influenza virus might affect humans. For example, it is not known how the distinction between low pathogenic and highly pathogenic strains might impact the health risk to humans. (For more information, see “Low Pathogenic versus Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses” on the CDC Influenza Viruses Web page.

Because of concerns about the potential for more widespread infection in the human population, public health authorities closely monitor outbreaks of human illness associated with avian influenza. To date, human infections with avian influenza A viruses detected since 1997 have not resulted in sustained human-to-human transmission. However, because influenza A viruses have the potential to change and gain the ability to spread easily between people, monitoring for human infection and person-to-person transmission is important.

Instances of Avian Influenza Infections in Humans

Confirmed instances of avian influenza viruses infecting humans since 1997 include:

Symptoms of Avian Influenza in Humans

The reported symptoms of avian influenza in humans have ranged from typical influenza-like symptoms (e.g., fever, cough, sore throat, and muscle aches) to eye infections (conjunctivitis), pneumonia, acute respiratory distress, viral pneumonia, and other severe and life-threatening complications.

Antiviral Agents for Influenza

Four different influenza antiviral drugs (amantadine, rimantadine, oseltamivir, and zanamivir) are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of influenza; three are approved for prophylaxis. All four have activity against influenza A viruses. However, sometimes influenza strains can become resistant to these drugs, and therefore the drugs may not always be effective. For example, analyses of some of the 2004 H5N1 viruses isolated from poultry and humans in Asia have shown that the viruses are resistant to two of the medications (amantadine and rimantadine). Monitoring of avian influenza A viruses for resistance to influenza antiviral medications is ongoing.

Plan to Increase Chicken Exports After Bird Flu Outbreak - ThePoultrySite.com
23 May 2017 at 11:00pm
Plan to Increase Chicken Exports After Bird Flu Outbreak - ThePoultrySite.com
23 May 2017 at 11:00pm
Poultry industry near collapse over no compensation for bird flu - Citifmonline
23 May 2017 at 1:49pm
Poultry industry near collapse over no compensation for bird flu - Citifmonline
23 May 2017 at 1:49pm
Royal Highland Show poultry classes cancelled over bird flu fears - Press and...
23 May 2017 at 6:11am
Royal Highland Show poultry classes cancelled over bird flu fears - Press and...
23 May 2017 at 6:11am
Bird flu to increase foreign demand for African lovebirds - Business Mirror
22 May 2017 at 9:03am
Bird flu to increase foreign demand for African lovebirds - Business Mirror
22 May 2017 at 9:03am
Two Chinese cities close poultry markets after H7N9 bird flu infections - Reu...
21 May 2017 at 3:35am
Two Chinese cities close poultry markets after H7N9 bird flu infections - Reu...
21 May 2017 at 3:35am
Iowa poultry industry back from bird flu - Iowa Farmer Today
20 May 2017 at 11:23am
Iowa poultry industry back from bird flu - Iowa Farmer Today
20 May 2017 at 11:23am
Thousands of chickens, ducks die as bird flu hits DRC - Anadolu Agency
19 May 2017 at 12:28pm
Thousands of chickens, ducks die as bird flu hits DRC - Anadolu Agency
19 May 2017 at 12:28pm
Bird owners urged to register pets and poultry following recent bird flu case...
19 May 2017 at 4:57am
Bird owners urged to register pets and poultry following recent bird flu case...
19 May 2017 at 4:57am
Bird Flu Is Back, And So Is The Inhumane Killing Of Animals - HuffPost
17 May 2017 at 11:18am
Bird Flu Is Back, And So Is The Inhumane Killing Of Animals - HuffPost
17 May 2017 at 11:18am
Bird flu Poultry restrictions lifted in Nottinghamshire - Newark Advertiser
16 May 2017 at 2:00am
Bird flu Poultry restrictions lifted in Nottinghamshire - Newark Advertiser
16 May 2017 at 2:00am
Bird flu restrictions lifted in north and west Cumbria - News & Star
14 May 2017 at 4:20pm
Bird flu restrictions lifted in north and west Cumbria - News & Star
14 May 2017 at 4:20pm
Report: US unready for bird flu - Arkansas Online
14 May 2017 at 12:17am
Report: US unready for bird flu - Arkansas Online
14 May 2017 at 12:17am
High risk areas of the north-west hit by latest bird flu measures - FG Insight
12 May 2017 at 6:22am
High risk areas of the north-west hit by latest bird flu measures - FG Insight
12 May 2017 at 6:22am
US falling short on bird flu preparation, report finds - CNN
12 May 2017 at 5:15am
US falling short on bird flu preparation, report finds - CNN
12 May 2017 at 5:15am
China H7N9 bird flu death toll fell to 24 in April: health authority - Reuters
11 May 2017 at 8:22pm
China H7N9 bird flu death toll fell to 24 in April: health authority - Reuters
11 May 2017 at 8:22pm
Abstracts: Bird Flu, Albatross, Robots, and More - Undark Magazine
11 May 2017 at 1:40pm
Abstracts: Bird Flu, Albatross, Robots, and More - Undark Magazine
11 May 2017 at 1:40pm
With bird flu surging, US needs to do more to prevent possible pandemic, GAO ...
11 May 2017 at 5:41am
With bird flu surging, US needs to do more to prevent possible pandemic, GAO ...
11 May 2017 at 5:41am
With bird flu surging, U.S. needs to do more to prevent possible ... - Washin...
11 May 2017 at 4:05am
With bird flu surging, U.S. needs to do more to prevent possible ... - Washin...
11 May 2017 at 4:05am
Two bird flu cases confirmed in the UK - Irish Independent
8 May 2017 at 6:42am
Two bird flu cases confirmed in the UK - Irish Independent
8 May 2017 at 6:42am
Chickens culled as bird flu found at second Lancashire farm - BBC News
7 May 2017 at 4:20am
Chickens culled as bird flu found at second Lancashire farm - BBC News
7 May 2017 at 4:20am